What is the Importance of Salt and Minerals for Living Beings?

The continuation of the life of the living thing is directly dependent on the integrity of one or more cells that make up the living thing. Cell integrity, on the other hand, tends to deteriorate over time, as per the entropy law. Still, vitality tries to delay this deterioration with various metabolic activities, in other words, to survive. The metabolic activities it performs for survival correspond to the sum of the production and destruction reactions.

As you can imagine, both types of reactions require a large amount of energy. But energy alone is not enough. Certain other substances are also needed for the responses to take place and ensure the continuity of life. An essential part of these substances is minerals and salts, which undertake many tasks in our body.

What is Salt?

The term “salt”, which we encounter in many places in our daily lives, is not just a concept that was put forward to describe table salt. Salt is a general name for ionic compounds composed of positively charged ions (cations) and negatively charged ions (anions). While the cations that make up the salts come from the positively charged ions of the metals, The anions come from the negative ions of non-metallic elements. The anions and cations that come together form the salt by combining so that the total electric charge is zero due to acid-base neutralisation reactions.

The main reason salts are in a solid crystal form is that they form ionic bonds; that is, oppositely charged ions (anions and cations) come closer to each other with the electrostatic force of attraction and form ionic bonds. High energy is required to break the ionic bond, which is considered a strong bond. Therefore, salts’ melting and boiling points are very high compared to many other compounds.

What is a mineral?

Minerals, which take part in many different functions and structures in our body, cannot be synthesised by living things. They are a natural product of geological processes. They have no calories, so they cannot be used as a direct energy source for cells; they can only be found in the structures of energy-producing mechanisms. In addition to energy production, minerals mainly play a regulatory (cofactor) role. They have an important place in the regulation of fluid balance and acid-base balance. They play an essential role in enzyme activity, especially in plants.

Are Mineral Mines the Source of the Minerals We Take into Our Body?

When it comes to minerals, minds are a bit confused; because we are talking about minerals that are minerals or are we talking about minerals that we take with food, sometimes it may not be clear. In this article, we focus on minerals that we take with food and are necessary for our body; but we don’t want to continue without revealing the connection between the two.

Mineral mines are inorganic solids, rarely liquid, with specific chemical composition and homogeneous structure, formed due to tectonic movements of the earth’s crust. Although there is an exact chemical formula for these substances, in which completely natural processes are effective in their formation, any broken part of the mineral carries the characteristics of the whole. Similarly, the unique chemical formula of minerals makes each mineral type unique.

Dozens of different mineral groups have come to play a role in realising and regulating some cellular activities in our body in the evolutionary process. For example, the crystallised calcium carbonate mineral we call calcite, formed with the elements we mentioned, contains calcium mineral, which is very important in cell communication. Throughout the Earth’s geological history, the mixing of such minerals with water or soil, depending on the dissolution over time, has inevitably led to the passage of living organisms into their bodies.

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